Jacob and Esau (Genesis 25:19-34) Commentary


These are the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: The lineage was carefully kept, and leads to Jesus; Abraham fathered Isaac as promised by God; Isaac is the heir to God’s promise;  and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, to be his wife.  As God willed. Isaac does not have the activity that Abraham did; it seems he is settled in that country  And Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was barren. So God’s power could be shown through her, when she conceived; See John 9:3.  Abraham and Sarah did not consult God, but tried their own way.

The children struggled together within her, and she said, “If it is thus, why is this happening to me?”  The turmoil between the two was great; She sensed it was extraordinary, and marveled at it she went to inquire of the Lord for counsel  And the Lord said to her,  

“Two nations are in your womb,
    and two peoples from within you shall be divided;  Contending with each other, even in the womb;
the one shall be stronger than the other, Not necessarily physically, but spiritually
     the older shall serve the younger.”   The traditional order will be altered

When her days to give birth were completed, behold, there were twins in her womb.  As foretold but God;   the first came out red, all his body like a hairy cloak…..named him Esau  Meaning “hairy” or “rough”  Afterward his brother came out with his hand holding Esau’s heel, showing early his contention with Esau for the birthright;  so his name was called Jacob  “Heel-catcher”; supplanter; Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.  Twenty years after the marriage of Isaac and Rebekah

When the boys grew up, Esau was a skillful hunter, a man of the field, similar that of Ishmael;  while Jacob was a quiet man, similar to Isaac. Isaac was out meditating in the fields when he saw Rebekah coming (Genesis 24: 63)   Isaac loved Esau because he ate of his game, Isaac was not so skillful as Esau, and appreciated his son was; but Rebekah loved Jacob. Because he was like Isaac. The favoritism the parents showed fueled the tension between the two boys.

Once when Jacob was cooking stew, Esau came in from the field, and he was exhausted. From his hunting and roaming And Esau said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stew, for I am exhausted!” We are to give to those who ask of us;  Matt 5:42.  (Therefore his name was called Edom meaning “red”; His descendants would be called Edomites  Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright now.” Jacob took advantage of his brother;   Esau said, “I am about to die; of what use is a birthright to me?”  A  foolish and overly dramatic rationale; Esau was in a moment of weakness, and temptation pounced upon him; we should not sell our spiritual birthrights for the means of worldly comfort, convenience, or popularity; Stay true to Jesus;  So he swore to him and sold his birthright to Jacob. There was no reversing this oath; We should not be hasty in our agreements, and should especially guard our souls during trials;  Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew, and he ate and drank and rose and went his way. Without any second thoughts or considerations; Thus Esau despised his birthright.  He did not respect or honor it.

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