David and Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11), Commentary


It was irregular for David to stay behind and remain at Jerusalem. David is arrogant, so certain of his army’s power he does not go to battle. He neglects his position, avoids his work, his duty as King, and finds himself subjected to temptation. Our commitment to our ministries and work serves as a hindrance to sin. Whoever is slack in his work is a brother to him who destroys (Proverbs 18:6). We should keep focus on the tasks God has set before us, that we may not be subjected to temptation.
David arose from his couch, where he was lounging, instead of leading his men. He could have averted or turned from watching Bathsheba, but he did not. Instead, he pursued her. He could have avoided her after he found out she was married, and but he did not. We are permitted many exits off the path of sin.  The Adulteress forgets the convenant of her God (Proverbs 2:17). Marriage is the bond between Christ and his church. Adultery puts a physical temptation above a marriage of Christ. He who commits adultery lacks sense, he who does it destroys himself. (Proverbs 6:32). Adultery is a deceptive, destructive sin. It destroys familys, friendships, and above all, our relationship with God. Adultery is often referred to as a symbol of idolatry by the prophets.
There was no repentance in Davids case. How could our Lord forgive him, if he did not repent? He created a distance between himself and God, as Cain did, in trying to bury or hide his sin. Repentance brings us closer to God, as he is ever forgiving. He sent his son to pay our penalty. Jesus is willing to carry our burdens, if we would only let him. Avoiding repentance does not void the sin, and it forfeits the great gift God gave to us.
Sin without repentance leads to more sin. David could have repented, but he commited more sin by trying to hide his adultery. He attempted to manipulate Uriah, who was an honest man of God. Uriah did not want to abandon his post, unlike David, who had neglected his duty.  David wined and dined Uriah, to persuade and decieve, as Satan did in Eden.  When David could not persuade him, he had him killed in battle. Adultery and murder are sometimes found hand in hand. One sin covers another. David was relieved over the death of Uriah, believing his sin was covered. Bathsheba lamented, as custom, but she held no inhibition of becoming the wife of a King. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord. David had dismissed God and his word, and thought he could hide this from Him, the one who gave him anything. Nothing is hidden from God. Sin will quickly consume us- the longer we live in its grasp the tighter it holds us.
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2 thoughts on “David and Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11), Commentary

  1. It is so hard to believe that this is the same person as the young boy who was about to fight the feared enemy, Goliath (the Philistine giant) saying “The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear, He will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.” (1Sam 17:25). David was called “A man after God’s own heart” in the Book of Acts. Somewhere along the way, He must have gotten lazy in his spiritual life–not praying as much, not worshiping as much, not singing and writing psalms as much, not working as much to serve the Lord….. Next thing you know, he’s lusting after another man’s wife, commiting adultery and committing murder. What a lesson for all of us who get too big for our own boots and forget about our first love, Jesus.

  2. Sin crouches at the door, when we become idle with our work for God, it pounces. David meditated on God’s law, but he became comfortable in his life and slacked in his duties. It lends credibility to the story, as it is an open public embarrassment to the great leader of Israel.

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